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Lecture 3

PHL205 Lecture 3 Augustine: The Paradox of Inquiry.docx

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Dominic Martin

PHL205 Lecture #3 The Paradox of Inquiry OR how can we search for something we don’t know? Review of last lecture I. Augustine wrote a piece of work called “How Can We Learn?” a. About the good life-- what to do and what not to do II. Augustine talks a great length in the confessions, book 3,5,7 – he talks about his separation from Menachianism. a. 2 reasons why he breaks with them i. they are dualists – he thinks dualism fails 1. they believe 2 princlples rule the world., evil and light 2. Augustine thinks that everything in the world is incomphrehensible. If these princlples were to interact, then there should be a third principle called monoism. a. One principle is therefore out to hurt the other, these does not seem to possible ii. they have a wrong view about moral responsibility 1. Conclusion of Argument a. If dualism fails, then it sets that there are 3 first principles. There can only be one first principle. b. Menacheans think that evil actions are caused by an evil principle lurking into us – not clear on how this works – Augustine argues if evil is not something that comes from the agent itself – then how can we be responsible? Same principle for goodness c. Bad deed for Augustine – lacks a certain perfection, therefore
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