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Lecture

Lectures.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL205H1
Professor
Martin Pickave

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September 13 2012No one in Manicheanism understands astronomy they just talk Lecture 2 Augustines intellectual developmentabout it without any information on the subject Three reasons why he abandons ManicheanismConstantine everyone can practice their own religion1 Personal reasonsPublic figures could now be Christian2 There must be some immaterial objects th3 The interaction problemEarly 5 century the period of the movement of nation around the world View lecture slidesCicero lawyer Platonism shows him that there are things beyond materialism shows him how to change his view on the world theres more thanSomeone who is in touch with all the important people in Milanjust things we can see with our senses our souls can see thingsThe main part of the Confessions is in Milanbeyond our senses with our mind we can discover these thingsHe writes his main work after the Confessions and before his deathinner life of the mind things that really are material world isCiceros Hortensius likes it for its content not its writing form basically a shadow of this immaterial world basic philosophy love of wisdom if you become a wise man youEvolved form someone who believed that everything is matter learn how to lead a better lifeProtreptic work plea for the even evil to becoming more spiritual usefulness of philosophy September 18 2012Philosophy is a form of wisdom Philosophy in antiquity is Lecture 3 Augustine on some philosophically puzzling aspects of different than what it is today In antiquity philosophy is a way of early childhood life Pierre Adot not just certain beliefs it a certain way of life Book I describes the development of a mans journey fromTherefore it makes sense why one would study the Bible to materialism to acknowledging that there is more than matter understand philosophy during the antiquity embarking on a path of philosophy and wisdomChristianity wants to be the same thing way of life but with otherAugustine discovers that there are two ways to interpret text means 1 LiteralFor Augustine it was normal to call Platonism and other schools a 2 Spiritual ie Bible when he recites that we were made in the religion because it was a certain way of life likeness of God not physicallyBible Augustine not very impressed by the Bible Bible is badly Cradle Argument Philosophical topic in book I written not a text of high prose not the status of writing he isHumannaturebabies not corrupted familiar withstill attracted to some aspects of the BibleWhat is the natural language of humans he would avoid talking toManicheanism dualists there is a principle of good sun and evil them to see whether they would speak first which did not work darkness not dualist in another sense they are materialists theyChildren take pleasure from body movementHuman too thought that God and everything in the world is materialThey Cicero think the soul and evil is materialPart of human nature is to sin even kids can sin but we dont haveOne of the important discoveries that Augustine makes is that not the same response to the sins of babies and dont chastise them everything is material and that there are some spiritual things because we know they wouldnt understand and know that this ideas soul and emotions Are not material idea of ideas soul is behavior will go awayimmaterial Because we set aside childish behavior that shows it was badHow does he get to this idea Finds some aspects of Manicheanism because you dont set aside good thingsa bit fishy1 object for which the word standsIt makes no sense to say that babies are evil because they dont yet 2 Ostensive definitions are not tirivial we cant learn a language have free will they act according to bodily and environmental or word via ostensive defintions stimuliIf you dont know walking how does someone teach you theIn showing that were fundamentally sinful hes proving the cradle meaningargument and is rather pessimistic about goodnessbecomingHurry up and hope their attention is drawn to the new action good is an accomplishment vs optimists who says were good But then the students would think that walkinghurrying because but corrupted by society Augustine places hope in that need to already have some basis of languageman may actually become good Plato thinks learning is impossiblewe only remember Perhaps he makes the arguments about sinfulness to prove theA teacher merely provides the environment for this to happen biblical story of the Original SinLikewise there is no teaching of language Augustine one Language learning Philosophical topic in book I learns based off their innate capacity to do so in an environmentPeople who know language point and say the word that represents established by teachersthe real life objectSep 20 2012 When people gave a name to an object and when following the Lecture 4 The theft of the pears Or is it possible to do bad things sound they moved their body towards that object I would see and for the sake of their badness retain the fact that that object received from them this sound which Last class philosophical issues arising form the confessions they pronounced when they intended to draw attention to it MoreoverTrue stories in book I where Augustine reflects on his childhood their intention was evident from the gestures which are as it were the experiences natural vocabulary of all races and are made with the face and theHe doesnt have direct knowledge of what happens during his inclination of the eyes and the movement of other parts of the body childhood but has testimony from others Augustine believes that and by the tone of voice which indicates whether the minds inward testimony is an important source of knowledgesentiments are to seek and to possess or to reject and avoid Accordingly I gradually gathered the meaning of words occurring inTwo topics Cradle Argument behavior of babies and How their places in different sentences and frequently heard and already I people learn languagelearnt to articulate my wishes by training my mouth to use these signsHe thereby shows that human nature was sinful but Augustine 1813 thinks that humans can overcome the state of sin and live a lifeProblems with this view without sin so it is not in the state of human beings to be sinful but 1 Mistaken understanding of words and sentences it is the CONDITION of human beings to be sinful Wittgenstein Philosophical investigations doesnt like theLanguage learning does not believe that we learn language correlation between words meaning what meaning does the words through ostensive learningif or nothing have They dont mean anything by themselvesWe learn language by our own ingenuity language learning they dont correspond to any act or object capacity 1813 he himself learned how to speak with theThese words it seems to me give us a particular picture of the intelligence given to him by the Lordwe learn from our own essence of human language It is this the individual words in language inner source name objectssentences are combinations of such names In thisYou cannot be taught in a strict sense You have to figure it out by picture of language we find the roots of the following idea Every yourself what the teacher can do is create a situation where your word has a meaning The meaning is correlated with the word It is the mind focuses on the topic and finds these things by itself teacher2
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