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University of Toronto St. George
Sol Goldberg

PHL217-3 Kant on Enlightenment and Publicity Background considerations An historically important text, but a minor text in Kant's corpus? Critique of Pure Reason Short, and most exemplary of his works. Also deals with perennial philosophical problem. Enlightenment at once the process of whereby human beings attain the truth, and a particular event in history, an event which continues to shape the revelation of human beings from intellectual, moral authorities, such as the church and state. Foucault and Habernas-enlightenment, rejected or not? For all these reasons, Kant's article is most influential if not his most profound contribution to history. How does this fit in Kant's work? What is enlightenment is relatively separate from Kant's critical philosophy. Critical philosophy here should be in quotes because it is not critical in the general sense, it is the critical in reference to the critique of pure reason practical reason, and the critique of judgement. Very little of this project seems to make way into the paper what is enlightenment. Perhaps one of the basic commitments of his critical philosophy required him to read what is enlightenment. Consider A738F/B766F. Reason must subject itself to critique in it's undertaking....on this freedom that knows no respect for person...reason itself had no dictatorial authority, reason has authority but not a dictatorial, we find out in the next part, it's claim is nothing more than the agreement of free citizens. What's going to make it authoritative, is agreement, consensus, and each of these free citizens must be able express his feelings. Even if it's a minor text, what we do have here is a philosophy of public reason, this concept is apparent his critical philosop Popular and academic philosophy. Philosophy for a popular audience, and philosophy for specialists. The distinction between the two is part of what is at stake in the work of the text itself. The article was published in the berlin monthly, one of the first journals of it's times, such as the new york tribune, etc. It's also contemporaneous with the fourth estate, which is the emergence of a new media as an officially recognized as a social institution that is seen as a necessary function of democracy. The distinction between the two should be borne in mind when we consider public and private reason, the Kant's model of reasoning. There are stylistic differences between the two, there is some sort of commitment on part of Kant to make his philosophy more accessible. This is committing to freedom of expression and belief. Freedom of believe (conscience) and freedom of expression. Esoteric and exoteric writing. This shift from esoteric and exoteric, and public or academic, a shift in attitude to open discourse, and a change in social organization of knowledge. Freedom of belief, also requires freedom of expression. This is not obvious, but this is necessary for the unfolding of enlightenment itself. The primary goal of enlightentment is to undermine the previous institution to uphold a secular ideal, to demonstrate that the philosophical journey does not interfere with the order of the society or authority or institution. The solution that was done was making the belief a private matter, you would conform with public reason, but conscie
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