Kant on Enlightenment and Publicity
An historically important text, but a minor text in Kant's corpus?
Critique of Pure Reason
Short, and most exemplary of his works. Also deals with perennial philosophical
problem. Enlightenment at once the process of whereby human beings attain the truth,
and a particular event in history, an event which continues to shape the revelation of
human beings from intellectual, moral authorities, such as the church and state.
Foucault and Habernas-enlightenment, rejected or not? For all these reasons, Kant's
article is most influential if not his most profound contribution to history. How does this fit
in Kant's work? What is enlightenment is relatively separate from Kant's critical
philosophy. Critical philosophy here should be in quotes because it is not critical in the
general sense, it is the critical in reference to the critique of pure reason practical
reason, and the critique of judgement. Very little of this project seems to make way into
the paper what is enlightenment. Perhaps one of the basic commitments of his critical
philosophy required him to read what is enlightenment.
Consider A738F/B766F. Reason must subject itself to critique in it's undertaking....on
this freedom that knows no respect for person...reason itself had no dictatorial authority,
reason has authority but not a dictatorial, we find out in the next part, it's claim is nothing
more than the agreement of free citizens. What's going to make it authoritative, is
agreement, consensus, and each of these free citizens must be able express his
feelings. Even if it's a minor text, what we do have here is a philosophy of public reason,
this concept is apparent his critical philosop
Popular and academic philosophy.
Philosophy for a popular audience, and philosophy for specialists. The distinction
between the two is part of what is at stake in the work of the text itself. The article was
published in the berlin monthly, one of the first journals of it's times, such as the new
york tribune, etc. It's also contemporaneous with the fourth estate, which is the
emergence of a new media as an officially recognized as a social institution that is seen
as a necessary function of democracy. The distinction between the two should be borne
in mind when we consider public and private reason, the Kant's model of reasoning.
There are stylistic differences between the two, there is some sort of commitment on
part of Kant to make his philosophy more accessible. This is committing to freedom of
expression and belief.
Freedom of believe (conscience) and freedom of expression. Esoteric and exoteric
writing. This shift from esoteric and exoteric, and public or academic, a shift in attitude to
open discourse, and a change in social organization of knowledge. Freedom of belief, also requires freedom of expression. This is not obvious, but this is necessary for the
unfolding of enlightenment itself. The primary goal of enlightentment is to undermine the
previous institution to uphold a secular ideal, to demonstrate that the philosophical
journey does not interfere with the order of the society or authority or institution. The
solution that was done was making the belief a private matter, you would conform with
public reason, but conscie