Lecture 10: PHL217H1 (Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 – 1900) on the will to truth)
1. Nietzsche’s style: Uses metaphors in his essays to make his points; there is a need
to invent new fables and myths. They are in some sense more truthful than the
previous myths invented by other philosophers. The previous myths corresponded
More effort is required to connect threads in Nietzsche’s aphorisms. The
aphoristic style is developed in opposition to systematic philosophers. Nietzsche’s
aphorisms need to be sorted out in a way as to not cause them to be distorted.
Nietzsche has written in a style that sometimes moves from topic to topic without
rhyme or reason.
With Nietzsche, it is important to ask what drives us to gain truth instead of
2.) Nietzsche vs. Kierkegard on the value of truth
Nietzsche’s version of an existential truthfulness is artistic while that of
Kierkegard (truth) is religious.
For Kierkagard, truth is synonymous with value while Nietzsche is interested in
why truth is valued at all.
Kierkagard aimed at a transcendent truth while Nietzsche’s truth is valuable in or
part of this world; the only world there is.
3.) Truth as woman, philosophers as dogmatists
It seems to be that philosophers do not understand women and have been quite
unsuccessful with them. Philosophers are characterized as dogmatists, they
clumsily try to approach the tru