Class Notes (806,529)
Canada (492,283)
Philosophy (1,512)
PHL217H1 (47)


2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Sol Goldberg

PHL217H1-19▯ ▯ Ordinary testimony and extraordinary events▯ Levinas gave us this is of sincerity, truth of testimony that precedes truth of disclosure. We have a much more mundane version today. Testimony of witnesses to historical facts. But what's unique about the case, the facts witnessed were so unwelcome, so unfathomable, that even after publicization, that they are met with a certain disbelief by some, and outright denial by others. The facts of the holocaust, facts that been established by copious research, the amount of work done in the field, the collection of abundant testimony from all the people that are there. The same facts are continually put into question by historians who are often referred to as holocaust deniers. The beginning of this is in many ways in place, during the holocaust itself, people were denying already. ▯ ▯ The banality of lies? Hanna Arendt in public.▯ ▯ Arendt was a Jew that fled nazi germany. At the end of her academic career she was a professor at Princeton university. But arendt never was a pure academic, she was always a public intellectual who was widely read and widely attacked. Arendts reports triggered several controversies as to what happened in Europe in WWII. Controversy about arendts own character, she was frequently attacked a self hating Jew. Arendt responded to these controversies directly. Post script in eichmen in Jerusalem: issues at stake, image making, opinion manipulation. Inability of humanity to come terms to this great catastrophe, that the event was so catastrophic that even with established facts, chance of success do holocaust deniers have? Do deniers who are simply historianst after the fact have the chance to deny what had really happened? Arendt says in truth and politics, this is a unique situation of the modern world. ▯ ▯ Impotent truth versus deceitful power: a thought experiment▯ ▯ The complete substitution of lie for factual reality. A system of worldwide communication, advanced techniques of image making, as a substitute of reality, with the emergence of these techniques, factual reality can be more easily distorted than it could be before. Organized lying was never previously suspected earlier. Traditional lies concern particulars, they were never meant to deceive everyone. Invasion of Iraq scam. Did they believe their justifications or did they intentionally deceive on a large scale?▯ ▯ The removal of some of these limits of organized lying and a new impetus to extend beyond the traditional lies, the removal of these constraints, creates a new issue, is it really possible to substitute reality with lies? The modern political lie will confront or destroy
More Less

Related notes for PHL217H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.