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Lecture 8

PHL243 Lecture 8.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Ronniede Sousa

PHL243 Lec 8: Sex and Love 10/30/2013 2:10:00 PM 2. Summary of Last Week’s Lecture  Soble concludes that all sex is masturbation o More extreme than Goldman‟s thesis, which argues that all sex is desire to be close w/ another person  Four approaches to morality and sex: sex is so special and different than everything else that principles and approaches to other things of life simply can‟t apply to sex – this is evident with Kant 4. Kantian morality without sex phobia st  Categorical Imperative 1 formulation: You should always act in such a way that everyone involved in act should be OK w/ it nd  2 formulation: Treat any rational being as a means, not an end 5. Kant captures something crucial  While nakedness is not absolutely essential, Kant recognizes that sex puts u in a v vulnerable position – naked emotionally and physically  „Denudes‟ is a nice word 6. Some Theories of Love  Tenderness vs Objectness to do w/ attitudes towards ur partners o Objectness in this sense is a bad thing, tenderness conforms to idea that u treat somebody as means not ends  Vannoy remarks that it is possible to have attitude of tenderness w/o being in love w ur partner and to be someone‟s partner and not treat them w/ tenderness 7. John Alan Lee’s Colours of Love  Pragma/Shopping list love: picking out features in someone that u love; u just specify what u need in a partner; a v pragmatic love  Ludus/game playing love: just having fun and enjoying playing games  Manic love: extremely possessive and dependent, close to extreme romantic love but not necessarily the case  Storge/friendship love: caring and taking care of  Agape/selfless love: love for ur neighbor; not supposed to be erotic love; generalization of storge; ur not supposed to love anybody more than everybody else 8. Another general theory  8 possibilities generated by those 3 fundamental components  What is the extent of passion, commitment and intimacy? 9. Sex, Love and Chemistry  From POV of evolutionary psych, what do these various forms of love effect? Why would natural selection hone people‟s character in such a way that they r able to love in these diff ways? 10. Distinct brain/chemical systems  Three categories are individually taken one by one, specified in terms of three parameters (a parameter being one dimension in which there can be different values, e.g. duration, brain processes involved, function of POV of natural selection) o Lust or „sex‟: immediate drive to mate  Typical duration: hours  Main brain chemistry: androgens o Limerence: obsessive, exclusive thoughts; anxious craving for presence, reciprocation  Typical duration: hours  Main brain chemistry: androgens  Ensures that for at least a period of a few weeks to months (scientific consensus seems to be 3-4 years for lifespan of limerence)  People often confuse limerence for love  When limerence disappears regardless of
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