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March 13 Sigmund Freud.doc

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March 13 - Sigmund Freud Lecture - The word anal describing those who are “uptight” actually came from Freud - Freud had an idea of infantile sexual development...part of his theory was that children’s physical pleasure came from the anal area - “Defense mechanisms” as well as “Love/hate relationships” all concepts/term that came from Freud - His big idea is the idea of the “unconscious” ...that there’s a realm of mental activity that is closed off to conscious awareness and at the same time affects what goes on at conscious level The Concept of Unconscious - When Freud started treating neurological disorders, he saw a lot of patients who suffered from hysteria (at the time referring to hyper-emotionality, depression and etc) - He often noticed that these patients would come in displaying very strong emotions. He couldn’t find any physiological problem with them and even when he asked them, they had no clue why were that emotional - He also noticed that under hypnosis, these patients were obeying the suggestions of the master. When they woke up there was no conscious awareness of what had happened. - Phenomenon of Parapraxis “Freudian’s Slips of the Tongue” e.g. an American left his wife on bad terms, he left for Europe and as an act of reconciliation invites his wife along (this is post world war 1 btw). Gives her the wrong name of the ship accidentally and she ends up on one that sinks. No explanation for this other than the unconscious working - Freud also found evidence for unconscious mental states in dreams. He thought that dreams could not be dismissed as meaningless. Suggests yet again that we have unconscious mental states at work controlling what goes on in dreams - These phenomena cannot be explained through physiology or conscious mental states. Rather the best explanation is in terms of unconscious mental states - Freud thought that there were 2 senses of the unconscious mental state: 1. Descriptive (if it isn’t present right now to mind, it can easily be brought to mind through introspection - looking inward). E.g. the thought of what you had for lunch yesterday. It wasn’t present on your mind until I brought it up...but you can easily introspect it 2. Dynamic sense of unconscious (Wasn’t present in mind and could not be retrieved. Not accessible. - Why do ideas get repressed? Freud’s answer was that traumatic experiences cause repression. - Experiences associated with intense emotions like shame, fear, physical pain lead to repression. - Frustration of some instinctual desire could also cause repression - Freud believed that most of our instinctual desires were of a perverse sexual nature. E.g. he thinks at some stage of development that all boys develop erotic feelings for their mothers and these feelings end up getting coupled with feelings of hatred and aggression towards their fathers because it is perceived that the father is “standing in the way” - When a desire or a emotion gets repressed (according to Freued) it doesn't get zapped of its energy or force (it retains it) only now it can’t seek satisfaction in the way that it was originally seeking satisfaction. It has to seek i
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