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PHL275-sept23.doc

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL275H1
Professor
Tom Hurka
Semester
Fall

Description
Wednesday September 23, 2009 It is often believed that religion and morality are intimately connected, morality would collapse without religion. One basis for this view is that we can only be motivated to act rightly if we know that it will reward is in the long run, in our afterlife. If our motive to act right is just to get our own pleasure, then we shouldn’t be rewarded. A more common view is that morality is based on religion because it is based on God’s commands.God lays down the moral code. Ex. 10 commandments, often think of morality as a matter of commands, do this and don’t do that, have to be coming from an extraordinary person ex. God The Divine Command Theory-another challenge to morality. Something being right, and something being commanded by God are the same thing. Involves a tendency to give more weight to texts than our own thought. -it is another challenge to a contemporary idea of morality, where moral judgments are arrived at by our own reflection -we should look in a holy book to see what morality is Religious texts need to be interpreted, there is also a difference between different religiously based views of ethics. Euthyphro-contains the most famous argument against the Divine Command Theory 173-174 -an early dialogue of Plato, Socrates is the main character -supposed to be based on the views of the real Socrates, runs into Euthyphro who is going to the court to prosecute his father because he tied up a servant and left him to die in a ditch, he did so because the servant killed a slave Euthyphro believes that the right thing to do is to prosecute his father. He is in a situation where it is hard to know what to do, on the one hand you should honor your father and shouldn’t harm him, there is also a demand that the law should be impartial. -Euthyphro believes that his view is right. He believes it to be pious (equaivalent to what is “right”) Socrates asks Euthyphro, what is it for an act to be pious? Need a definition of piety. Euthyphro says that pious acts are that which are loved by the Gods. (similar to the Divine Command Theory, what the gods approve of) Implies that if there is no God then there is no morality. Socrates 2 arguments against: 1)170-173-you say that the pious is what loves to the Gods. There are a lot of Gods that disagree. What do you do when some Gods love what Euthyphro is doing and some dislike it. Within the bible
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