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immanuel kant

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Ethics Lecture October 31, 2011 Immanuel Kant Deontology • What matters is not the consequences of an action, but whether the will is done in accordance to duty Moral philosophy • Pure philosophy: accessible through reason alone o Formal (logic) o Determinate (metaphysics): what really exists what may or may not be the same as we observe; we ask questions about the nature of being that we cannot see or confirm scientifically [such as God or universals, rules and causes and effects] it is an abstract interaction with the world.  Nature  Morals: have onjective reality but we can only access them through metaphysics or pure reason; he doesn’t think morals vary between people, cultures or across time- have an objective reality for all of humanity and all humans can access the laws of morality and figure out what they ought to do A good will • The motive for acting • Not just desire something, you have to actually will for it to happen • Will puts your body in motition and mind to bring upon a certain state of affairs • A good will is a will that always acts out of duty and never out of other inclinations • Is responsive to the moral law; reason tells you what the moral law is, and the good will is in conformity of what reason tells you • The good will is the will that acts in conformity with duty; is good in itself because it can never be bad
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