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PHL388H1 (1)

May 18th

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Farshid Baghai

PHL388 Thursday, May 18 th Beings as fundamental possibilities: 1: The book, its subject matter, title and method - Heidegger had a religious upbringing, when he comes back from the war he is disillusioned with religion- has personal crisis as to the meaning of life. Being and Time was meant to be part of a larger project to investigate the meaning of the question of being in general. A book thinks it can exhaustibly answer a question, an essay acknowledges that it is experimental. - Presenting an account of the human being as existential possibilities rather than consciousness, actuality, ego etc.. Something present, permanent, unchangeable (according to Descartes) Heidegger thinks humans are changeable. - Contrast between Aristotelian (traditional) approach: What is this? Inquires into the this-ness or what-ness (science of being) Heidegger asks who ask this ^? Heidegger thinks the Aristotelian approach needs to be deepened the science of the being of beings (fundamental ontology claims to investigate the most primordial possibilities of the sciences). Influences: Kierkegaard, Kant, Husserl. - Time: Aristotle natural process, Kant- intuitive, Frued - memory, historical Heidegger- transcendence (all of the above notions are grounded in transcendence- you always project yourself unintentionally- you are always ahead of yourself- you are not the same person that you were.) Time is generated existentially. - Being is understood IN time. The two are separate topics but being cannot be without time. - Being as the human being and being as being. Being is not enough, not a particular being, it cannot be pluralized because it is not a noun, or something that can be counted. You cannot pluralize your existence, it is constantly happening, it is always ahead of yourself, as soon as you focus on it its gone. Being does not refer to a being. You cannot live unless you experience dying constantly (the possibility of dying). - Being is not a predicate (not a describer) - We use to be indiscriminately, how can we look at all these things through the same kind of (veil?)? - Das ist (doesnt use this to talk bout being) = there is. Es gibt = there is (it gives?) Heidegger is saying that being is a gift. If you give a gift you dont know how
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