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Philosophy Seminar- Jan 17.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Agnesedi Castro

Philosophy Seminar January 17, 2013 Why does Spinoza need to separate theology from philosophy? • Most of the time philosophy was connected with theology • In order to separate them, Spinoza deals with interpretation of the scripture [scripture means the Hebrew bible and the new testament- both books] • Why is the interpretation relevant? Chief obstacles to separation is the power of the • Spinoza wants to criticize the way they interpret scriptures; fights their interpretation because he believes it has turned religion in superstition [is a kind of religion set forth by human being by clergy’s, rabi’s] • Spinoza provides an alternative way for what we call salvation or blessedness which he describe in a systematic way “the book of ethics”- shows a path of how we can liberate our self for the enslavement of our passion towards a rational life • Passions: fear and hope; how do fear and hope put us in a position that we are prompt to believe in a god that rules us from above? He talks about fear and hope in relation to goods o Page 1: the preface of TTP o Once you realize the chain of causes that lead you to the passion, you are free of the passion; understanding liberates us from the enslavement of the passion [we will never get completely rid of our passion though he says- it’s a path and a way towards something but no one can completely ever reach the highest degree of liberation] o Instead of subjecting to fear, rationalizing allows you to get over the fear • Liberating reason from superstition means liberating reason from the power of imagination • If you rule your life according to the lowest degree of knowledge [imagination], you are acted upon • Passions are connected to the first and lowest degree of a kind of knowledge • Three kinds of knowledge [knowledge we gain through the senses] o Imagination: record of the mental and psychological disposition of the body [knowledge gained through our body through our senses] knowledge gained through
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