Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)
PHL (1,000)
PHL100Y1 (400)
Lecture 2

PHL100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sophist


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL100Y1
Professor
Peter King
Lecture
2

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
PHL100Y1 (1) 11 / 09 / 18 / TUES
5TH CENTURY BC Athens (Philosophy’s start)
(great Greek civilizations)
WHY? (social reasons)
1) Social Structures = powerful ruler (nobility) & ppl who ought to
follow the ruler/rules; kingship/emperorship)
-> PLASTIC? The structures change!
Ex) Spordam : whole society was run as an army
Ex) let everyone play as ruling! (everyone can propose
legislation, vote, speak on- the law.)
Because of this,
Arts of persuasion (is a valuable skill -> reputation, etc.)
(within democracy, X monarchy )
2) Athens became Leaders of military pact that won important
wars -> Leading power in 5th century!
$$$ & power
Crisis in Athenian values
WHERE SHOULD MORAL COMPASS LIE?
Sophists: tutorials: how to persuade ppl?
Socrates: reasons!
Can you teach virtue?
Oracle: Is Socrates the wisest man alive?
There is no one wiser than Socrates. ->? no way!
Poets, artists, etc. X wise
Craftsman? Partially knowledgable.
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version