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Lecture

notes


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL100Y1
Professor
Mark Kingwell

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Book One
Socrates and Glaucon at festival in Piraeus
VS Polemarchus and Adeimantus
P and A jest about taking S and G by force to Ps home, as they are stronger and cannot be
persuaded
Greeted by ol d Cephalus, father of P
C explains that his old age has given him a release fr om bodily desires, but that old age does not
treat everyone the same
Goes further to say But of these things and of those that conern relatives, there is one certain
cause: not old age, Socrates, but the character of the human beings. If they are balanced and good
tempered, even old age is only moderately troublesome; if they are not, then both age, Socrates,
and youth alike turn out to be hard for that sort. (Book I, 329b-c)
Socrates says that most people must assume C is comfortable in his old age because of his wealth,
not his character
Socrates says he feels that Cephalus put less value on his money because he has not earned but
inherited, but if he had he would attribute more importance to its role in a good life
C argues that money is good because it allows you to lead a good life without having to che a t,
steal, or be a dick
Tries to get a defini tion of justi c e from that somehow
Initial hypothesis “JUSTICE IS SPEAKING THE TRUTH AND GIVING BACK WHAT
ONE TAKES (owes) (Book I, 331d)
Pol emarchus takes over the argument from Cephalus, heir to his inheritance and his argument
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