hume.docx

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9 Apr 2012
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Hume
Section 1
- Moral Phil or science of human nature can be treated in two manners
o Each has its own merit and can contribute to entertainment,
instruction, reformation
o One considers a person only born for action, influenced by taste and
sentiment, pursues one object and avoids others
o The other considers man in the light of a reasonable rather than active
being, not deterred by any difficulties
- The easy philosopher has the most durable and the justness fame
- The abstract philosopher has momentary reputation, easy to make a mistake
- Mere phil is a character, which is acceptable in the world, lives remote from
communication with mankind, rapped up in principles and notions, still more
despised
- Perfect character lies between extremism retaining equal ability and taste for
books, company and business
- Man is a reasonable being, receives from science proper food and
nourishment, man is a sociable, no less than a reasonable being, he cannot
always enjoy company agreeable and amusing, or preserve proper relish for
them
- Man is also an active being
- Observing
-
Section 2
- Considerable difference between perceptions of the mind, when a man feels
pain of excessive heat or pleasure of moderate warmth, when he recalls to
his memory sensation
- Most we say of these senses is that it feels like we feel or see it but they never
arrive
- Distinction through all perceptions of mind
o Ex: man who is angry acts different than a man who is emotional
- Divide all perceptions of mind into two classes or species
o 1) thoughts/idea- less forcible and lively
o 2) impressions- more lively perceptions, when we hear, see, feel etc.
o When we analyze our thoughts or ideas, however compound we
always find that they resolve themselves into such simple ideas as
were copied from a precedent feeling or sentiment
o Ex: idea of god arises from reflecting on the operations of our own
mind
o If a person cannot use a sense because of a defect from an organ, he is
as little susceptible of the correspondent ideas
o All ideas, especially abstract ones are naturally faint and obscure
Section 3
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