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Mark Kingwell

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Philosophy September 16
, 2010.
Introduction and Overview
Reading: Syllabus
Agora is a Greek word = marketplace
Philosophy = love of wisdom
Socrates: numbers don't matter, you can be right and the rest of the world could be
wrong, take the expert's opinion
Experts proceed by reasoning and experimentation
Philosophy provides rationalization
It is the appealed argument, which makes philosophy interesting
Philosophy tries to appeal to reason as to why that answer is the best
Mathematics is simultaneous with philosophy
Can be extended in any field of inquiry, e.g. philosophy of food
The other for ms of intellectual endeavor can tie back to philosophy, when it gets
down to the nature of reality, e.g. physics
Philosophers keep good, hard questions for themselves
1.Logic: Aristotle, studied by philosophers & mathematicians, branch of inquiry,
tradition field of endeavor for philosophers
Metaphysics: Meta - beyond, studies the assumptions/foundations of physics, nature
of reality, (what is there? what exists? what's the nature of time?)
2.Epistemology : concerned with how we know what we know, and the g rounds to
justify why we believe it
Philosophy of science: physics & biology
3.Ethics/political philosophy : how we ought to live
4.Philosophy of mind: consciousness & what it is, problem of other minds (how do
you know everyone has a mind, what is it to think, can you built an artificial
5.Aesthetics : the philosophy of art (what is it that makes something a work of art)
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