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Lecture

About Hobbes

1 Page
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL100Y1
Professor
Mark Kingwell

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PhilosophyJanuary 11
th
, 2011
About Hobbes
Hobbes was born in England in 1588, lives into his 90s, dies in 1679 and was
cur rently quite fit and healthy life long, e.g. playing tennis in 80s
1
st
regular guy we come across, went to university, t aken in by family to act as a
tutor
Made himself sufficiently useful to be an old family retainer, e.g. accompany the
when traveling
2 kinds of works: civil obligation to state, other had to do with s cience, could
make great name for himself as an experimental scientist (however he did not
manage to do this)
Same age as Descartes, contemporary of Descartes
Before publication of D escartes, Hobbes is one of authors of objection to
meditation, was chosen cause he was notor ious for being a materialist and wanting
to be philosophy on a scientific f lipping
Wanted to come up with a type of technique that would allow him to think clearly
of social and political issues, bothered by the fact that in the past philosophers
simply argued with one another, wanted to make progress, very impressed by new
royal society managed to make progress and discover truths, people who
previously disagreed came to an agreement t hrough scientific reasoning
Hobbes wanted way that you could reason about issues in a precise and careful
manner, come up with a kind of approach known as social contract theory – ide a
that social institutions should be seen as product of voluntary agreement among
individuals
Concerned about what are the conditions and why wouldnt we choose to make
social decisions freely; meant to be progres s ive, liberating idea
Aristocrats entitled to rule in society because they are picked by god to do so
Hobbes didnt think this was a scientific basis or any kind of basis for r uling or
having any kind of obligation to obey the government
Hobbes: The Social Contract
Published Leviathan in 1651
Hobbes things it doesnt matter what we end up competing for but the dynamics
are the same, you want the upper hand, thats what Hobbes thinks of as a quest for
power to true and ensure security
What leads us to conf lict:
1.Reasonably hope to compete with one another
2.Strive for secur ity to ensure our well being
3.In order for that to work, we want everyone to know youre not somebody to mess
with, want reput ation
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Description
Philosophy January 11 , 2011 About Hobbes Hobbes was born in England in 1588, lives into his 90s, dies in 1679 and was currently quite fit and healthy life long, e.g. playing tennis in 80s 1 regular guy we come across, went to university, taken in by family to act as a tutor Made himself sufficiently useful to be an old family retainer, e.g. accompany the when traveling 2 kinds of works: civil obligation to state, other had to do with science, could make great name for himself as an experimental scientist (however he did not manage to do this) Same age as Descartes, contemporary of Descartes Before publication of Descartes, Hobbes is one of authors of objection to meditation, was chosen cause he was notorious for being a materialist and wanting to be philosophy on a scientific flipping Wanted to come up with a type of technique that would allow him to think clearly of social and political issues, bothered by the fact that in the past philosophers simply argued with one another, wanted to make progress, very impressed by new royal society managed to make progress and discover truths, people who previous
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