Phl 206 Later Medieval Philosophy 11/01/2011 11:06:00
Medieval means middle age
Renaissance term to suggest a shift from lesser knowledge, arts… to a modern
more developed set of culture and knowledge.
1250’s early to later medieval philosophy line.
Con’t to the 1500’s (end of medieval period)
Two things to kick start philosophy in the period
1 translation and transmission of Greek philosophy in the period (from Greek to
2 rise of universities
also- the rise of the cities
-rise of mendicant orders-Franciscans and Dominicans
The period was a reaction to all the new material flooding in, the new
Occurs mostly in Mediterranean ie Venice Sicily and Toledo
Addition of Aristotle’s corpus and –New Logic (Organon- Aristotle’s theory of
Argumentation – syllogism
also during this time there is Arabic and Jewish philosophy being introduced.
-received as commentaries to help understand Aristotle thus not infringing on
personal religious beliefs.
“the philosopher” –Aristotle
“the commentator” –Averroes- firm believer in Aristotle, and wrote many
accompanying commentaries on Aristotle.
Aristotle declares the universe is eternal- hard to reconcile with Christianity.
Also important is the status of the soul.
Bonaventure 11/01/2011 11:06:00
University impact on philosophy cont,