PHL275H1 Lecture Notes - Eudaimonia, Practical Reason

11 views1 pages
Published on 5 Oct 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL275H1
Professor
Ethics Lecture
September 26, 2011
Virtue Ethics
Aristotle
Ethics derived from metaphysics
He thinks that the function of humans is to be happy; to be the
best happiest people we can be
Instrumental goods are goods that are good for something else;
External instrumental goods: goods you don’t have any control
over such as good birth [what kind of family you are born into],
beauty
Eudaimonia: happiness but not in the ‘party’ sense, but
happiness in the sense of complete thriving of being the best
person you can be and being complete and having everything
you need
Even if we could know about the form of the good, what would
that tell us about how to be human?
He thinks that goods are not always good for everyone
Virtue of character: majority of virtues; things like bravery and
temperance
Virtues of thought: practical reason and prudence
Virtue is a state and not an individual action; you cannot choose
to be virtuous at any moment such as being nice to a homeless
man on the way to class
Virtue is ongoing and you really have to make it into your
character; certain mental and emotional habits so that virtue
kind of rolls off your tongue
Plato
The most good things were not empirically sensible such as the
forms
Form of the good: non material things. This is the biggest form
[type-token metaphysics]
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.