Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)
PHL (1,000)
PHL275H1 (100)
Lecture

utilitarianism and mill


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL275H1
Professor
Bialystock

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 1 pages of the document.
Ethics Lecture
October 12, 2011
Mill: Utilitarianism Refined
Defines happiness in terms of hedonism [pleasure is good and
pain is bad]
Interested in the overlap between pleasure and desire
[happiness is the only thing desired; what we desire is actually
just pleasure and the absence of pain]
Utility as a first principle: principle on which other claims stand
Utilitarianism is a sub-branch of consequentialism
Mill said that not all pleasures are the same
Pleasure Bentham vs. Mill
Bentham: higher pleasures more intense than the lower
pleasures. For Bentham, if you add up all the lower pleasures,
you’ll eventually even them up. Ex. If a beer is 5 units and
Shakespeare is 20 units, then 4 beers is equal to Shakespeare.
Mill: higher pleasures trump the lower pleasures. You can’t
simply add them up
Mill on Human Nature
Everyone is capable of higher pleasures
They are no innate though: you need education
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version