Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)
PHL (1,000)
PHL275H1 (100)

PHL275H1 Lecture Notes - Cultural Relativism, Emotivism

Course Code

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Ethics Lecture
November 28, 2011
3 hours
Identifications and short essays
Lots of choice
More of an emphasis on the last part of the course; after Kant till
the end of the course
Can’t get by the exam if you don’t study the last part of the
Absolutist vs. Relativist Ethics
Absolutist: there is one correct ethical doctrine for everyone; not
that one is correct, that there is just ONE ethical doctrine for
oMill, egoists, Aristotle, Kant
Relativist: there is not one correct ethical doctrine for everyone
but there are ethical facts
oSubjectivists, cultural relativists
Ayer and Stevenson: ayer denies ethical words even have
First Approach: Naturalism
Whatever ethical facts are available, should be consistent with
our observations in the natural world [empirical world of how
people behave]
Value to be explained in terms of factual world as revealed by
Nihilism: the view that ethics simply doesn’t exist; no such thing
as ethical facts or judgments
Second Approach: Autonomous Ethics
Most normative ethicists are not only absolutists but autonomous
Relativists Argument
Premise 1: a person with sufficient reason to do something will
only fail to do it because of irrationality, weakness of will, etc
Premise 2: “there are people…who do not act in accordance with
the alleged requirements…and who do not seem to have failed
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version