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PHL281H1 Lecture Notes - Nippon Tv, Fetus, Situation Two

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Donald Ainslie

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Lec 03 - September 19 Thompson part 1 of 2
Thompson on the Right to Bodily Integrity
- was a famous philer
- Dips into our intuitions
- Develop what the core of his article is
- how we should make of this as a feature of our nature - abortion
Popes Argument:
- the core thought is that fetus are best understood using the more concepts we us when thinkinga
about one another - killing one and other is just as wrong as killing fetus’ (first argument)
- 2 arguments that run together and need to be disentangled
- 1. Fetuses are (innocent) persons
- 2. Therefore it is wrong to kill fetus’ On the notions of the sanctity of life, its an attack
on god as he is the source of life
- there are 2 ways to attack an argument
- Are the premises true?
- Attacking its reasoning? Weather or not they are true, it doesnt follow the conclusion
This is why Thompson is doing, he says, he accepts his opponents premise, she doesn't think its
true, but none the less she accepts it, but it none the less follows that sometimes abortion is
- killing means 2 things
- The intentional killing
- The causing of the death of something, and unwanted side effect of death of -- i.e. Abor-
tion is sometimes permissible
- She is accepting both premises and what premise 1 amounts too -- what it means to kill
Defensible Killings:
- self-defense:
- There has to be proportion in self dense , when its my life or yours
- The goal isnt to kill but to stop the attack and the only way to stop the attack is to kill
and its an unfortunate side effect - unfortunate but legitimate
- War:
- It can be understood as a just killing - you are on side of the govt, may not be just but
what can u do ..
- Captital Punishment:
- If you have done an un defendable crime then you should give your like
- There is the question of the innocence of people
- Intuitional threats:
- Have to kill even if the person u are killing is not even at fault for being in that situation
- Ie someone kidnaped and has a bomb strapped to him and will be shot if doenst go into
the school and kill everyone else
- The goal is to cause the death to avoid the threat
- The only way to stop them is to kill them
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