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Lecture

Lecture 2- Realism and Pacifism- Just War Overview Sept 15 2009

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL378H1
Professor
Tom Hurka

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PHL378: War & Morality
Lecture #2: Realism & Pacifism / Just War Overview
Sept, 15th, 2009
Realism
! US post 911 engaged in excessive moralizing (ie, characterizing IRAQ as axis of evil)
! this leads to underestimation of how difficult it is to achieve your goal and the effects of
your actions on international consequences
! Tony Cody
! there is something to realism
! do not cause destruction/death without need
! this view realist view is similar to just war theory
Pacifism
! war is never morally right
! global pacifism
! war is wrong b/c war involves violence, and violence never right to use violence b/c
violence harms
! “turn the other cheek”
! rules out self-defence
! one of the problems with global pacifism is that it allows lesser use of coercion
ie. psychological coercion used by Ghandi
starvation and international pressure
! special pacifism (antiwar pacifism)
! allows violence and killing in private life through self defence
! but forbids violence in war
! war is a realm apart b/c only there is violence forbid
! problem: why is war so different?
a nation defends itself against attack is simply a group of individuals using self-defence
jointly
if we have individuals has the right to self-defence, why then do we not have the right to
defend collectively?
! tactical pacifism
though war and violence is ruled out in principle
non-violent means will always be more effective
ie. let country invade without resistance then just use non-violent means to resist
ie. Ghandi's tactics
! pacifist has to be someone who is against all wars
! ie. you would not be a pacifist if you did not fight in the Iraq war but would have fought in
WWII
! pacifism does not tell us to minimize the number of killings, but it does tell us that we should
not kill
! hence it is an agent specific theory
Just Cause for War
! resisting aggression
! derives from rights of individual rights of citizen
Just War Theory
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Description
PHL378: War & Morality Lecture #2: Realism & Pacifism Just War Overview Sept, 15th, 2009 Realism US post 911 engaged in excessive moralizing (ie, characterizing IRAQ as axis of evil) this leads to underestimation of how difficult it is to achieve your goal and the effects of your actions on international consequences Tony Cody there is something to realism do not cause destructiondeath without need this view realist view is similar to just war theory Pacifism war is never morally right global pacifism war is wrong bc war involves violence, and violence never right to use violence bc violence harms turn the other cheek rules out self-defence one of the problems with global pacifism is that it allows lesser use of coercion ie. psychological coercion used by Ghandi starvation and international pressure special pacifism (antiwar pacifism) allows violence and killing in private life through self defence but forbids violence in war war is a rea
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