Class Notes (920,386)
CA (542,228)
UTSG (45,859)
PHL (1,579)
PHL378H1 (23)
Tom Hurka (23)
Lecture 5

LEC5- Just War Overview-Competent Authority-Right Intention Sept 24 2009

2 Pages
79 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL378H1
Professor
Tom Hurka

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
PHL378: War & Morality
LEC5: Just War Overview/Competent Authority/Right Intention
Sept, 24th, 2009
Proportionality
! defence against aggression
! McKina: pg. 386
! self defence almost always justifies aggression
! applies proportionality mainly to offensives wars
ie. Economic Just cause (think of Canadian company in Brazil)
! sometimes during risk period of nuclear war, there might be an argument against the defence of
aggression to prevent the nuclear war
Last Resort
! McKina: pg. 387
! war is clearly pointless if the ends can be obtained by less painful means
! ends are the goods of the JC
! Bishops: pg. 100
! for resort to war to be justified, all peaceful alternatives must be exhausted
! this condition can be applied subjectively or objectively
! when you apply Last Resort principle, you must also take into account the IJC and CJC (ie.
deterrence)
! Waltzer
! you can never take Last Resort seriously, there is always something else you can do
! Objection: LR should be taken as weighting the extra benefits of war to the extra benefits of
not war. Sometimes the alternatives to war have costs and will add to the destruction of the
inevitable war.
! this is a comparative version of proportionality
! which of all these alternatives has the best balance of benefits over harm
! in self defence you can be proportional but not a last resort
! ie. if someone tried to kill you and you can save yourself by either punching him or killing
him
if you kill him then it would be proportional but not a last resort, since you could also
have punched him to stop him from killing you
! in self defence you can also be last resort but not proportional
! ie. if someone tried to tickle you and you can only stop him by killing him
if you kill him then you have used a last resort, but you have not used the proportional
criteria
! McKina
! last resort condition only applies to offensives wars
! Nation being aggressed upon have no duty to the LR condition, ie. no need to try other
means before you resist
Reasonable Hope of Succes
! McKina: pg. 356
! can be covered under proportionality or last resort
! there are cases in which fighting with no hope of success can still be valid
! in extreme cases national martyrdom can outweigh the material destruction
! these 2 above conditions only apply to defensive wars but not in offensive wars
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PHL378: War & Morality LEC5: Just War OverviewCompetent AuthorityRight Intention Sept, 24th, 2009 Proportionality defence against aggression McKina: pg. 386 self defence almost always justifies aggression applies proportionality mainly to offensives wars ie. Economic Just cause (think of Canadian company in Brazil) sometimes during risk period of nuclear war, there might be an argument against the defence of aggression to prevent the nuclear war Last Resort McKina: pg. 387 war is clearly pointless if the ends can be obtained by less painful means ends are the goods of the JC Bishops: pg. 100 for resort to war to be justified, all peaceful alternatives must be exhausted this condition can be applied subjectively or objectively when you apply Last Resort principle, you must also take into account the IJC and CJC (ie. deterrence) Waltzer you can never take Last Resort seriously, there is always something else you can do Objection: LR should be taken as weighting the extra benefits of war to the extra benefits of not war. Sometimes the alternatives to war have costs and will add to the destruction of the inevitable war. this is a comparative version of proportion
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit