Class Notes (922,715)
CA (542,948)
UTSG (45,883)
PHL (1,579)
PHL378H1 (23)
Tom Hurka (23)
Lecture 6

LEC6 – Just Cause Sept 29 2009

2 Pages
127 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL378H1
Professor
Tom Hurka

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
PHL378: War & Morality
LEC6 Just Cause
Sept, 29th, 2009
Ius in Bello
Proportionality
! individual act of war is permissible iff the damage it will cost is not disproportionate to the
good it will yield
! CB: pg. 103
! when confronting choices....
! to destroy civilization....
! M: pg. 389
! doctrine of double effect
! the good achieved must be incidental to the evil”
! the harm the military costs must not be out of proportion to the good yielded
! M: pg. 390
! violated proportionality even if we aimed at military complex in the Hiroshima case b/c we
will have unproportional harm
! how much proportional harm we are allowed to cause depends on the seriousness of the aims of
the war
!
Necessity
! the harm must not be excessive to the benefit
! if there are 2 ways in which you can achieve your goals and one is less destructive that the
other, than you should choose the less destructive mean
! ie. if there is a bridge and it has military advantage for you to bomb it, and you can bomb it
either during the day (many civilian causalities), or you can bomb during night (less casualties).
then you should choose night
! ban on Dum Dum (exploding bullets)
! justification on the ban is that normal bullet already disables the soldier hence no need to
cause extra harm
! violates necessity condition if it is not banned
Ius ad Bellum
Right Intention
! wag the dog”
! fighting to boost popularity rating and not for Right Intention/Just Cause
! this criteria ought to be dropped b/c
! the evaluation of the act as right/wrong and the evaluation of people in their motives as
morally good or morally bad are distinct entities hence you can act rightly from a bad
motive
! Interpretations
! Demanding: only desire for JC and nothing else
! Less Demanding: not only desire JC, but that has to be sufficient such that if all the other
desires are gone, you will still resort to war
! Least Demanding: belief that there is a JC is a necessary condition for fighting BUT not
sufficient; you need other motives (eg. self interested ones)
! Assume: JC give you the permission to fight
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PHL378: War & Morality LEC6 Just Cause Sept, 29th, 2009 Ius in Bello Proportionality individual act of war is permissible iff the damage it will cost is not disproportionate to the good it will yield CB: pg. 103 when confronting choices.... to destroy civilization.... M: pg. 389 doctrine of double effect the good achieved must be incidental to the evil the harm the military costs must not be out of proportion to the good yielded M: pg. 390 violated proportionality even if we aimed at military complex in the Hiroshima case bc we will have unproportional harm how much proportional harm we are allowed to cause depends on the seriousness of the aims of the war Necessity the harm must not be excessive to the benefit if there are 2 ways in which you can achieve your goals and one is less destructive that the other, than you should choose the less destructive mean ie. if there is a bridge and it has military advantage for you to bomb it, and you can bomb it either during the day (many civilian causalities), or you can bomb during ni
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit