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Lecture 4

JPA331Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Work Unit, Lei Feng, Liu Shaoqi


Department
Political Science
Course Code
JPA331Y1
Professor
Lynette Ong
Lecture
4

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The Cultural Revolution
Recovery from GLF
Danwei(work unit) system
Hukou (residence registration) system
Decollectivization of agriculture in some places
Only urban residents were entitled to coupons for food. Cant go up to shop to
buy food or necessities. Farmers and rural residents were to be remain in the
countryside.
Danwei: entitled to lifetime employment with benefits. Sense of identity.
Is the still enforce in China now. No it has broken down significantly, employees
employed has dropped significantly and China has move on to privatization.
Hukou: every citizen needs to be registrar with a local authority. ( Beijing,
Shanghai etc) People were destined either as rural or urban residences, like an
identity card. And This card identifies you either a rural or urban residences ( if u
are a rural residences, you cant live in the urban residences) and they are denied
of jobs and benefits from people living in the cities, not given the welfare benefits
granted to urban residents.
( Now, this is still enforced, and now there is a bunch of floating population, ( gov
relax the policy by allowing some rural residents to go to urban cities to work with
factories for global production of iphones etc, but they are not granted the similar
welfare benefits of urban residents, when they lose their jobs, they are forced
back home in the countryside)
Hukou: policy has been relaxed in 80s,90s. and this policy divided China into two
tiers residents, the Urban, wealthy residents and rural residents with welfare
system.
Increased Political Tensions
De-Stalinization policies by Khrushchev
Lin Biao, head of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)
Mao’s wife, Jiang Qing
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Mao’s Little Redbook
Lei Feng
Mao now focus on the possibility that China would follow the same path by the
SU, which he disfavor, focus with his colleagues with economic rehabitation
policy , distrust some of his colleagues and the above people help him to
eliminate his distrust colleagues and grab more power.
As Mao became concern with revisionist, Lin Biao win Mao’s trust by
indoctrination mass Mao’s thought and ideology throughout the country, creating
a hero-godlike figure for him. “Lei Feng”- Learn from Comrade Lei Feng: a young
soldier, devoted his life to the CCP, selfless and modest young man create his
man ( not sure if he’s a real) intended to indoctrinated the young to follow Lei’s
footstep
Political atmosphere remains tense.
How did the CR unfold?
Seen as class struggles, seen as the radicals and moderates ( red guards
movement, social movement  part of CR)
The Play “ Hai Rui Dismissed from Office”
A CR Group set up to guide CR
Nie Yuanzi posted “big character posters” (dazibao) on Beijing U campus
Mao endorsed Nie’s actions. Rebel student groups organized ( people who do
not support Mao)
1965-1968, 1968-1976
1965: Mao spoke vaguely of the need of CR, set up a small group ( high
ranking officials) : The Play: (Peng) is an indirect criticism of Mao , rather
bold. Mao saw his chief rival within the party : Liu Shaoqi and he died in
prison in 1969, seen as a air apparent of Mao, Mao remove him from the
power and the scene., but his ultimate goal is to remove Peng Zhen, who is a
close alliance with Liu.
Marked the start of the Cultural Revolution, Jiang Qing.
Activist are serve as catalyst to mobilize the mass. The Red Guards are divided
into many many factions. ( middle-high school and some university students),
first evolved were from rural and peasants level. And to Mao: this groups of class
is the best, the poor and classless.
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