modern state is something between an empire and a city competing centers of violence. 1648, end of the thirty years war by means of a gradual process. Rulers expropriate the means of violence to local rulers. Historically states did not exist as we think of them, before this there were. state-building as a protection racket: organized crime versus organized crime . Projects are always in progress, & never fully complete. Lived in england during the time of a civil war in which there appeared to be no. State of nature (natural condition) that were in. The only thing that we can do is to take our individual sovereignty & to hand it. Locke: state of nature not as bad as hobbes says it, we still need a sovereign. weber: monopoly of legitimate use of violence within a given territory (definition of a state) www. notesolution. com. Example of afghanistan: no legitimate use of force.