POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: John Stuart Mill, Negative And Positive Rights, Classical Liberalism
Liberalism grew out of the struggle between british parliament and monarchy through the glorious revolution of 1688 . Established public authority power comes from people. First elected parliament that is sovereign over monarchy. Revolutionary implications to rule can be delegated or taken away if misused. The sovereign must rule by law (triumph of legal over traditional authority) Establish moral right of citizens to overthrow an arbitrary government (any government that misuses their rule) John locke: the second treatise of government (1690) The idea that government is created by the people because they choose government over living in state of nature. First time liberal rights are made official. Declaration of the rights of man and citizens. Derived from french revolution (1789) second time made official. Four principles of classical liberalism: personal liberalism. No limits on a man"s personal freedom up to the point that it doesn"t interfere with another individual"s freedoms and rights.