Chapter 13NOTE.docx

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Chapter 13
Making Democracy Work
he believe democracy could spread everywhere but the question is will it last
and be valued
in the 1990s he saw that many new democracies were performing very
poorly because they were shallow
there were elections but they were only contests between corrupt parties,
there were parliaments but they did not represent civil society, and there
was a constitution but not constitutionalism
democracy in a formal sense but people were still not politically free
countries wanted to withhold openness because they were seeing how
regimes in power were losing their positions once democratic rule was
enforced in the 3rd wave
Prospects for democracy countries surrounded by democratic
neighbors, pseudomocracies, crisis ridden regions, soon death of a dictator,
and countries pressured by aid-donors
Prospects depend on gradual 1) economic development 2) integration into
global economy 3) taking deeper root where it has already started
At risk countries pops with 1 million + in Latin America, 6/10 Asian
democracies, all of non EU post soviet democracies, all democracies in Africa
Why New Democracies Perform Poorly
because they are still in the predatory state with false factors that make it
look like a democracy (shallow)
predatory state is the opposite of the civic community
predatory state no community, no shared commitment, no respect for
law, people with political power monopolize it, ordinary people are clients of
powerful patrons, rich extract from the poor, corruption is the norm, distrust,
opposition is silenced, police is corrupt, politicians use bribery
Overcoming the Predatory State
need to tame the abuse by:
a) horizontal relations of trust/ cooperation need to be constructed between
ethnic and regional divides
b) effective institutions of governance need to open their decisions to
inspection
c) stronger institutions linking citizens to the political process
d) reforms extend into economic sphere (open but monitored market)
Creating Horizontal Accountability
often regions think because they have certain democratic features its fine,
but they are only paper institutions (do not actually function)
need checks and balances
THE LAW- taken seriously, rule of law applied
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION less secrecy b/w government and citizens
ANTICORRUPTION BODIES to monitor assets of government officials
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Document Summary

Democracy in a formal sense but people were still not politically free. Countries wanted to withhold openness because they were seeing how regimes in power were losing their positions once democratic rule was enforced in the 3rd wave. Prospects for democracy countries surrounded by democratic neighbors, pseudomocracies, crisis ridden regions, soon death of a dictator, and countries pressured by aid-donors. Prospects depend on gradual 1) economic development 2) integration into global economy 3) taking deeper root where it has already started. At risk countries pops with 1 million + in latin america, 6/10 asian democracies, all of non eu post soviet democracies, all democracies in africa. Because they are still in the predatory state with false factors that make it look like a democracy (shallow) Predatory state is the opposite of the civic community. Often regions think because they have certain democratic features its fine, but they are only paper institutions (do not actually function)

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