POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Industrial Society, Communitarianism

8 views2 pages
Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
Course
Professor
Page:
of 2
Jan 7 Lecture
NATIONALISM AND CONFLICT- Kopstein
What is Nationalism?
nation a group that wants to have its own states
nation: group of people who believe they share a common fate, history,
culture and language
nationalism says that the state and nation should be congruent
almost every state has a cultural or national minority within it- expected that
they’re to have rights, but what kind of rights? Basic liberal rights (freedom
of speech, etc). Do they have collective rights?
Big disagreement on collective rights: less (Do they have rights as Arabs?
Palestinians? Etc)
Nationalism is the ideology of nations: completely wrong
Only occurs under modern conditions: a modern phenomenon, its this need
for congruence that needs to be explained (never in human history did
people insist that leaders should be of the same culture)
Nations don’t exist in themselves, they are inventions, we perceive them as
being natural
Nationalism and Modernization
Nationalism comes out of the process of modernization
Europe consisted of high cultures and low cultures: monarchs and
populations
Industrial society and need for universalization of high culture, need for a
common culture, people need to be able to communicate with one another,
communicate in non-context bound way, sharing a common language
Nations are therefore constructed, projects of elites (most fail), sometimes
competing projects, products of aggregated individual beliefs
If YOUR culture is not adopted as the high (and universal) culture, you face
systematic disadvantage
Industrial societies: states are service organizations for providing common
cultures: education
Cases: Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia
Seen this way, nations don’t create nationalism: nationalism creates nations!
Nationalism and Sequencing
State first, nation second: France and Britain- “nation-building”
Nation first, state second: Germany and Italy
Ethnic versus Civic Nationalism
What is the basis of belonging: political or cultural?
Ethnic belonging: based on history, language, blood
Civic belonging: based on political allegiance
Thin versus thick
- Canadian = thin
- Thick: pre-political
United States should be called United Nations and United Nations should be
called United States?
Canada
Competition between two principles
Canada: liberalism versus communitarianism (individual versus group
rights)
Canada: multiculturalism (is it real?)

Document Summary

Nation a group that wants to have its own states. Nation: group of people who believe they share a common fate, history, culture and language. Nationalism says that the state and nation should be congruent. Nationalism is the ideology of nations: completely wrong. Only occurs under modern conditions: a modern phenomenon, its this need for congruence that needs to be explained (never in human history did people insist that leaders should be of the same culture) Nations don"t exist in themselves, they are inventions, we perceive them as being natural. Nationalism comes out of the process of modernization. Europe consisted of high cultures and low cultures: monarchs and populations. Industrial society and need for universalization of high culture, need for a common culture, people need to be able to communicate with one another, communicate in non-context bound way, sharing a common language. Nations are therefore constructed, projects of elites (most fail), sometimes competing projects, products of aggregated individual beliefs.