POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Polyarchy, Fallacy, Robert A. Dahl

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
Political Science
of 2
October 22,2012
-Problems of Democracy-
Democracy has increased in the past century
53 breakdowns in the last century as well
Democracy is fragile, and relatively new form of government
Democracy and equality
Rules of the game, political rules
Political system that enables us to manage diversity
Median voter system, parties move to center to manage diversity better
Institutionalized uncertainty, always uncertainty in elections we never know
who’s going to win
Governments have to be responsive and accountable
Variations of democracy
Equality: principle is required of democracy
Equality of opportunity
Democratic process in facilitating the quality of equality
Political equality; all equal as citizens
Procedural democracy all rules of the game give citizens equal rights under
Free and fair elections
Polyarchy (Robert Dahl)-public contestation, inclusive participation
Equality of outcome
Political economic equality
Procedural versus substantive democracy
Example: democratic welfare state
Fallacy of democracy
Elite democracy
Politicians are mainly wealthy
Generally highly educated
Must have an extensive social network
Political parties are highly hierarchal and non transparent
The ‘myth” of accessibility
Protecting the disadvantaged
Liberal tradition: equal rights of individuals leads to equitable outcomes
Not withstanding clause article 33