POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Air India Flight 182, Indentured Servant, Modern Immigration To The United Kingdom

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Week 24 Diaspora, politics and development
April 1, 2013
The South Asian diaspora
-very large (about 22 million)
-much of the migration to the industrialized countries occurred in the 1960s and after
-wide geographic spread
-industrialized countries: Canada, U.S, Australia, New Zealand
-Middle East: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain
-South-east Asia: Malaysia and Singapore
-Africa: South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Mauritius
-Carribean: Trinidad, Guyana
-Pacific: Fiji
Different Phases
-Early and late strands of migration
-colonial period
-later migration
-regional patterns of outflows from South asia
-colonial period
-indentured labour
-colonial period
-indentured labour
-from the north-central parts of India and the south
-end of slavery labour shortage aimed to fill this labour shortage with migrants
-mainly in Trinidad, Guyana, Mauritious, South Africa and Fiji (indentured labour)
-contract labour to South east asia
-later migration
-from more diverse regions
-migration to great Britain in particular
-after 1965 loosening of immigration rules in North America
-Middle East
-South Asians form a significant portion of the unskilled and semi skilled labour
contrast to how in North America most of the labour was skilled
-East Africa
Different phases and occupational structure
-varied occupational structure
-differences between the colonial period of migration and later migration
-colonial period primarily indentured workers, contract workers and traders
-postcolonialmixed occupational structure (skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled migrants)
Links to South Asia
-differences between colonial and post colonial strands of migration
-colonial era different understanding and imagination of South Asia following migration
-economic links
-remittances
-esp in terms of unskilled and semi-skilled workers
-constitute about 3.5% of the Indian economy
-little more than 1/10th of Bangladesh’s GDP made up of remittances
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Document Summary

Middle east: saudi arabia, kuwait, uae, qatar, bahrain. Much of the migration to the industrialized countries occurred in the 1960s and after. From the north-central parts of india and the south. End of slavery labour shortage aimed to fill this labour shortage with migrants. Mainly in trinidad, guyana, mauritious, south africa and fiji (indentured labour) After 1965 loosening of immigration rules in north america. South asians form a significant portion of the unskilled and semi skilled labour contrast to how in north america most of the labour was skilled. Colonial period primarily indentured workers, contract workers and traders. Postcolonial mixed occupational structure (skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled migrants) Differences between the colonial period of migration and later migration. Differences between colonial and post colonial strands of migration. Esp in terms of unskilled and semi-skilled workers. Little more than 1/10th of bangladesh"s gdp made up of remittances. Colonial era different understanding and imagination of south asia following migration.

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