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Lecture

POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Nuremberg Trials, National Commission On The Disappearance Of Persons, International Humanitarian Law


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Genocide and Justice
POL101Y1
Jan 10, 2011
Definition
- Genocide is committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical,
racial, or religious group.
The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
- Genocide occurs by:
o Killing members of the group
o Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group.
o Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its
physical destruction, in whole or in part
o Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group.
o Forcibly transferring children of one group to another group
o Acts directed against political group are excluded from the definition of genocide.
- What is left is what is appropriate justice for the victims and what is appropriate
consequences for the perpetrators.
- Its genocide if its based on race or religion or gender, but its not genocide if its political
affiliation.
Crimes Against Humanity
- The Charter of the International Military Tribunal, passed in 1945, described these
atrocities as customary international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions.
1) Crimes against humanity, namely
Murder
Enslavement
Deportation
Imprisonment
Torture
Rape, or
Other inhumane acts
Committed against any civilians populations
2) War crimes, or violations of the laws and customs or war, namely:
Murder
Ill-treatment
Deportation for slave labour or for any other purpose fo the civilian
population of or in occupied territory.
Nazi-Germany with the killing of the Jews was the first time there was the
deliberate killing of a single race.
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