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PART I: DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
September 27 – Lecture #3
The radical response
Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto”
The Rise of the West and Marxism
Modernity
Europe: “North-west Triangle”
Origins of Modern World Economy
-Twin “revolutions” 16th-19th Centuries, agricultural and industrial
-Agricultural Revolution: may be hyperbole to use the “word revolution” here
-Case of Flemish and British farmers
-transition over 200 years
Industrial Revolution
-Originates in late 18th century England
-quick revolution
-More appropriately designated as a revolution
-Produced huge changes in domestic consumption patterns
Industrial Revolution: Consequences
-luxuries came to be seen as mere ‘decencies’ and decencies came to be seen as necessities
-consumption main staple of life
-distribution highly uneven but now creation of middle class that had risen from manual labor
-rise of the middle class
Industrial Revolution: Social Results
1. Capacity to produce surplus
2. Increasing complexity of division of labour
3. New forms of social consciousness
Karl Marx
-admired Hegel
-How to analyze society?
-What does one look for first?
-Queens and Kings?
-Dominant Ideas?
-What kind of food they eat, alcohol they drink?
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Twin revolutions 16th-19th centuries, agricultural and industrial. Agricultural revolution: may be hyperbole to use the word revolution here. Produced huge changes in domestic consumption patterns. Luxuries came to be seen as mere decencies" and decencies came to be seen as necessities. Distribution highly uneven but now creation of middle class that had risen from manual labor. Industrial revolution: social results: capacity to produce surplus, increasing complexity of division of labour, new forms of social consciousness. What kind of food they eat, alcohol they drink? www. notesolution. com. Feuerbach and critique of german idealism (hegel) God did not create man, man created god. But for marx: this doesn"t go far enough. You must go to the material causes. Marx disagrees: consciousness does not create being, being creates consciousness . History unfolds due to changing material conditions. Humans make their own means of survival.

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