The Radical Response
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PART I: DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
September 27 – Lecture #3
The radical response
Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto”
The Rise of the West and Marxism
Europe: “North-west Triangle”
Origins of Modern World Economy
-Twin “revolutions” 16th-19th Centuries, agricultural and industrial
-Agricultural Revolution: may be hyperbole to use the “word revolution” here
-Case of Flemish and British farmers
-transition over 200 years
-Originates in late 18th century England
-More appropriately designated as a revolution
-Produced huge changes in domestic consumption patterns
Industrial Revolution: Consequences
-luxuries came to be seen as mere ‘decencies’ and decencies came to be seen as necessities
-consumption main staple of life
-distribution highly uneven but now creation of middle class that had risen from manual labor
-rise of the middle class
Industrial Revolution: Social Results
1. Capacity to produce surplus
2. Increasing complexity of division of labour
3. New forms of social consciousness
-How to analyze society?
-What does one look for first?
-Queens and Kings?
-What kind of food they eat, alcohol they drink?
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