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POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - World Revolution, Liberal Democracy, Statism

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Monday, October 7, 2013
Lecture 6
Communism and Fascism
The high point of both was the 20th century.
Liberalism and its Crisis
Long 19th century is peak of liberalism’s appeal.
If you did not have liberal institution, you were deemed a political savage.
Liberal institutions develop even where social basis is not obviously present.
Liberalism and the Working Class
Extension of the franchise (the right to vote).
At first its was based on property requirements, the gender requirements, then
racial requirements.
Rise of social democracy in Western Europe. Evolutionary socialism and
reconciliation with liberal democracy: electoral socialism.
What about the Revolution?
Lenin: the revolutionary movement under conditions of authoritarianism- Russia.
Up until the 20th century Russia was still run by a king without a constitution.
You had to have a conspiracy party that was underground because the czar
would just have you arrested and shipped out.
Workers only capable of “trade union consciousness”.
Lenin thought that the creation of a welfare state was not a socialist act, but
rather the opposite.
Need “party” to bring them the truth: what this means for Marxism.
Marxism and Economic Backwardness
Russia- one of the most backward countries in Europe.
Working class revolution, with small working class.
1917: World War and Revolution.
World Revolution or World Power
World revolution fails to materialize.
Russians leave the war and the Germans take their land.
After the civil war in Russia it became clear there wasn’t going to be a world
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