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Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Civil Military Relations and Democracy DEC 6th 2010
Why does the Military obey us? Why not rebel?
-Problem of the Guardians
Democracies still live in a world of states
From Feudal to Mass armies
Draft versus professional armies( for most of Europe, mass armies
involve the draft)
If you fail to field an army you risk your states existence.
Story of the modern state: the raising of citizen armies.
Democracies need armies
When you have a professional army you are much more likely to go to war
because in a draft army the politicians are less likely to take us to war. Under
a democracy it is more of a rarity to go to war.
Problem of the Guardians
-Who guards the guards?
What is the mode of control of civilians over the military?
Huntington subjective versus objective
Coup of 2012: was the problem lack of subjective versus objective
civilian control?
Article about McChrystal: was the problem subjective versus objective
Subjective: The way people think, a citizen army that is lib democratic
army—citizen soldier, if living in a democratic country you want a
soldier committed to a democracy, maximum contact between military
and citizenry.
ROTC- they come from the citizenry committed to democracy.
Objective model: largely the one we live with today. A clear separation
between citizens and military, there commitment is to obey what the citizens
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