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POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Deng Xiaoping, Communist Party Of China, Authoritarianism

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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“The people’s wishes for and needs for democracy and freedom are irresistible.”—Premier Wen Jia-
Bao, interview with CNN, September 23, 2010.
China in the Modern Era
The idea of democracy is not foreign to Chinathere have been many attempts
End of the Qing Dynastyopium war of 1892
o Chinese declare war against Englandthey are the ones exporting the drug
o England wins
o Another war is waged against japanChinese lose and have to pay many reparations
o The Qing Dynasty was a huge defeat for Chinese pride
o National psychological decline is what causes the end of the Qing Dynasty
China’s population was rising and people were becoming poor
By 1850 china’s population was half a billion people
China was also experiencing an economic criseswas dependent on an export economy
o Was a very poor country
Nationalist RevolutionManchurians were the ones that came in and created the Qing
o Revolution was an opportunity for the Chinese to stand up to outsiders
Republican Revolution
Over throw of the emperor in 1911—doesn’t abdicate until 1912
China is now a real modern countrywith a modern Chinese president
Presidents main goal was to rebuild China and have it reemerge from its chaos
Reform China according to 3 PRINCIPLES:
1. Nationno longer an imperial dynasty
Would defend itself
2. DemocracyChina would have a democracy different from everyone else BUT still
a modern democracy
3. WelfareChina would be able to feed its people
They would not be weak
Intended to be a very clean break from the ancient dynasty
Non-Democratic Modern China
No poliarchy exists where people are allowed to freely vote
No institutionalized uncertaintythere are no alternatives to the Chinese Communist Party
Poor human rights record
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