Cold War Realism 29/11/2010 lecture 9
Exam: MC(cove everything)+essay(cover lec 8, lec 9, and lec 10)
Cold war: Origins
1950s, Europe divided by military lines,
End of WW2
Division of Europe
Hungary decides not to be a part of Soviet Union anymore.
The American encourages Hungary to revolt. 1960s
The test is the American are not willing to start WW3. there are great issues in united state at that
Berlin is divided by soviet union and u.s, u.k. Wall, to prevent east Germany to escape.
Soviet union occupy east Berlin,
Cold war: from confrontation to stalemate
z Nuclear weapons, weapon of a new kind?
z Difference between deterrence and defense: what are nuclear weapons good for?
z US Monopoly 1945-1949, only US has Nuclear weapons
z US Superiority 1949-1968: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD).
z Parity 1968-1991, they are standing against each other
Korean War, Vietnam War, all these wars are include US and SU
If it’s too scary about nuclear war, both sides don't want to do it.
What is realism?
z States act according to their interests
z Ideas and ideals and the handmaidens of interest
z Security dilemma: the world is anarchic, no overarching authority.
z You must help yourself, no one is going to save you, each states relates to itself,
z Each state must rely on itself- it is a Hobbbesian world
z There is no international army actually
z Hobbes, Leviathan: “…this war of every man against every…”
Realism in international relations: the systemic level
z You pay attention to states, their capabilities, and their interests
z States don't have friends, they have interests
z Ignore: personalities, ideals, institutions, leaders, domestic processes
z Stability of system
z The most stable is two big powers
z In some way, cold war is the most stable time
z Cold war was an era of bi-polarity