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POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - First-Past-The-Post Voting, National Energy Program, Party System

Political Science
Course Code
Nelson Wiseman

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POL356Y1- Lecture
Feb. 28, 2011
Federal and Provincial Parties and Party Systems
Nunavut and Northwest territories do not have parties
Connections between provincial and federal parties
In 19th century federal parties more powerful than provincial parties because the federal
government was more powerful than the provincial government
In Atlantic Canada the liberals and conservatives embraced these terms to connect
themselves to the federal parties
In NB for example there are references to conservatives and liberals, but in the legislative
they only used governing and opposition
Provincial party system different from federal- provincial societies are different, economies
different, histories different- thus for example if we compare Saskatchewan and NFL
They all share in common one thing with federal- all operate under Westminster model –
and also in all of these jurisdictions- what they also share with federal government- all
use first past the post- single member plurality system
Federalism leads to dual images of the parties- it also suggests they can have dual policies
Major policy election in 1988 over free trade
The Alberta conservatives were against national energy program- Ontario conservatives
were for it
Alberta Conservatives against Charter of rights and freedom..others for it
Today what’s the liberal policy on corporate taxes- Federal liberals against it- Ontario
liberals are introducing it
There are conflicting images of the parties- look at last election
Provincial not inferior to federal parties
Internal operations of parties structure are parallel to the Canadian system of government
Provincial parties are autonomous and independent
When we look at Party members and party activists- we may have party activists
conservatives- who are just oriented to provincial politics and not involved in federal-
then we may have other who are just oriented to federal politics- others who see
themselves as conservatives or liberal both federal and provincial
The relations between the two (fed prov) parties are heavily influences by which one of
them is in power or if both or neither are in power
If the federal parties in power- a weak provincial party will be dependent on the federal and
vice versa- influenced by weather one is in power or not in power or if both are in power
It’s difficult to convert the party machinery from one level to the other level- not all liberal
parties are the same and so on
2 Models of Federal -Provincial party relations
We can use 6 criteria (or 7) to determine the federal provincial party relations
Integrated versus confederal partiers and party systems
First you look at voters support-integrated- the same people vote for the same parties on
both levels – if there is a shift from one to the other at the federal level they also switch
so their integrated
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