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Lecture 10

POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Social Science, Homicide, Operation Barbarossa

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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- violence is every, including democracy
osuch as when we elect leaders they pass laws that have to be obeyed and to
make sure we use violence
Violence and War
- war is normally thought of as state on state
- violence generally monopolized by state
- weber state: monopoly of legitimate use of violence within a given territory
- civil war is something different
- collapse of state, collapse of sovereignty
- either no or multiple sovereignties
- what is difference between civil war an revolution? (sequence)
othings are revolutions when we see the outcome
ono changes that happen
- very difficult to make sense of neighbour on neighbour violence
ogenocides violence that is intimate; they know them can identify them
Ancient Greece: Peloponnesian War
- 431 to 403 BCE
- backstory: 480BCE beating back Persians, Athenians lead the way (almost single
handed – Delian league
- 479 to 42bce rise of Athens versus Sparta
- contrast: land versus maritime, oligarchy versus democracy, military versus
commercial orientation
- Democracy and leadership (Pericles)
- Reasons for war: rise in power of Athens and alarm it caused in Sparta and its
oAn early balance of power war
- motives: fear, honour, interest. Sparta in effect led by lesser allies to chose a
policy it would not have chosen on its own
Corcyra (Corfu) 427BCE
- ‘oligarchs’ versus ‘democrats’ each with external backers
- themes in present wars remain remotely the same (Syria)
Civil War and Restraint
- the theme of civil is biblical
- taboos were destroyed; fathers killing sons
Human Nature and War
- change the circumstances in which we live and the restrain in which we think we
act towards each other can be destroyed once war is upon us
oreleases the impulses that we have within us
War and Language
- makes us irrational by altering our thought process
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