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Date: November 23,2009
MAINTAINING ORDER AND
RESOLVING CONFLICT: The
Dilemmas of Peacekeeping
PEACEKEEPING: BACKGROUND AND HISTORY
•First UN Peacekeepers established by the Security Council in 1948 to supervise the
THE UNITED NATIONS AS A COLLECTIVE SECURITY
•The United Nations Charter gives direct responsibility for maintaining peace and
security to the Security Council.
PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY and PEACEKEEPING
PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY = the attempt, through diplomatic instruments, to prevent the
use of deadly force by one group against another.
PEACEKEEPING = the deployment of international military and civilian personnel,
usually but not always under the auspices of the United Nations, to a conflict area, with the
consent of the parties to a conflict, in order to:
•Stop or contain hostilities, and/or
•Supervise the carrying out of the peacekeeping agreement.
PEACE ENFORCEMENT = the deployment of military force, under chapter VII of the
United Nations’ charter, to punish an aggressor. The aggressor is determined by the
Security Council of the United Nations.
PEACEBUILDING = the use of a broad array of political, economic and judicial resources to
assist societies to recover from violence and to put in place the critical building blocks so
that societies can begin to move forward on their own.
PURPOSE OF CLASSIC PEACEKEEPING
1.THE TRANSITIION FROM EMPIRE to assist in earlier decolonization after World