POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - The Communist Manifesto, Blackboard
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Political Science September 27th, 2010.
The Radical Response
Reading: Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto”
A number of students have written to ask whether they should read the entire communist
manifesto that we've posted to blackboard. The answer is "no." They should read from
p.14 which starts "A spectre is haunting Europe" and end on p.34 at the bottom "Working
Men of All Countries Unite!
Origins of Modern World Economy
•Twin “Revolutions” 16th-19th Centuries, agricultural and industrial
•Agricultural revolution: may be hyperbole to use the “world revolution”
•Case of Flemish and British farmers
•Originates in the late 18th century England
•More appropriately designated as a revolution
•Amount of iron processed into steel in English factories
•Produced huge changes in domestic consumption
Industrial Revolution: Consequences
•Luxuries became necessities and necessities became decencies
•Distribution highly uneven; rise in the middle classes from manual labor to
professional or entrepreneurial status
Industrial Revolution: Social Results
1.Capacity to produce a surplus
2.Increasing complexity of division of labor
3.New forms of social consciousness
•How to analyze a society?
•What does one look for first?
•Queens and Kings?
Marx and Materialism
•Feuerbach and Critique of German idealism (Hegel – believed in stages) Man
created god not vise versa
•Materialism: What is God?
•But Marx: this doesn’t go far enough
•Why do we need religion? Injustice. You must go to the material causes
•Create societies to ensure our survival; humans create means of own existence
Critique of Hegel: Historical Materialism