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POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - The Communist Manifesto, Blackboard

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Political Science September 27th, 2010.
The Radical Response
Reading: Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto”
A number of students have written to ask whether they should read the entire communist
manifesto that we've posted to blackboard. The answer is "no." They should read from
p.14 which starts "A spectre is haunting Europe" and end on p.34 at the bottom "Working
Men of All Countries Unite!
Origins of Modern World Economy
Twin “Revolutions 16th-19th Centuries, agricultural and industrial
Agricultural revolution: may be hyperbole to use the “world revolution”
Case of Flemish and British farmers
Industrial Revolution
Originates in the late 18th century England
More appropriately designated as a revolution
Amount of iron processed into steel in English factories
Produced huge changes in domestic consumption
Industrial Revolution: Consequences
Luxuries became necessities and necessities became decencies
Distribution highly uneven; rise in the middle classes from manual labor to
professional or entrepreneurial status
Industrial Revolution: Social Results
1.Capacity to produce a surplus
2.Increasing complexity of division of labor
3.New forms of social consciousness
Karl Marx
How to analyze a society?
What does one look for first?
Queens and Kings?
Dominant Ideas?
Marx and Materialism
Feuerbach and Critique of German idealism (Hegel – believed in stages) Man
created god not vise versa
Materialism: What is God?
But Marx: this doesnt go far enough
Why do we need religion? Injustice. You must go to the material causes
Create societies to ensure our survival; humans create means of own existence
Critique of Hegel: Historical Materialism
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