Reading: nathan glazer, democracy and deep divides, journal of democracy (vol. Ronojoy sen, the problem of corruption, journal of democracy (vol. Mancur olson, the logic of collective action (harvard university press, 1965) pp. 5-22, Democracy and equality: rules of the game, e. g. how political parties function, legal voting age, human rights protected by the constitution, democracy is above the rule of law. Institutionalized uncertainty: managing diversity, variations of democracy, equality the core of democracy. democracies adhere to the norms of inclusion, . g. freedom of assembly. what makes democracy stable is there is a fare degree of uncertainty. democracies vary worldwide every democracy is structures by rules but b different structures of rules. Public contestation everyone as individuals have the ability to publically contest. Does it matter at all in providing fairness? consequences of democracy: procedural versus substantive democracy, example: democratic welfare state.