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POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Will Kymlicka

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Political Science November 15
, 2010.
Immigration, Citizenship, and Multiculturalism
Reading: Aristotle Zolberg, “International Migration in Political Perspective, pp. 15-51
Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka,Canadian Multiculturalism: Global Activities and
Local Debates, pp. 43-72
Immigration is a political process
What drives international migration:
Inequality – people tend to live where they were bor n/raised and the action to
move across the border can be driven by intense material inequality
Pushed factors – material inequality
Pull factors – relatively higher wages, higher standards of living, better futures for
No international righ t to entry
Sovereign nation states can determine whether you enter or not – core of
immigration policy
Immigration policy – determining how one enters, whether or not they can enter,
how to establish legal immigration, etc
All immigrants are potential workers , even refugees
Employers like immigrants
All immigrants are cultural presence
A social fact – Canada IS multicultural, in terms of linguistic, religious, cultural
A normative position about how society should be ordered
A public policy by which the state recognizes
Criticisms of Multiculturalism Policy
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