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The Rise of China

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Political Science November 22nd, 2010.
Making Sense of the Rise of China: International Relations Theory and
Uncertain Realities
Reading: Kaplan, The Geography of Chinese Power
Wang, Chinas Path - Growing and Learning, pp.12-16
Green, American Aims - Realism Still Prevails Over Community Idealism, pp.32-36
800-1500 missiles
Taiwan, Republic of China
De jure Chinese province
De facto independent state
1996 missile crisis
2005 Anti-Secession Law
2010 Arms Procurement Bill
Communist wins civil war in 9149
During 1940s nationalists nominally pro democratic republicans, flee to Taiwan
Cold war context, war did not recognize communist China, but instead recognized
nationalist government of Taiwan as legitimate government in exile but legitimate
government of china
1970s China normalize diplomatic relations with US & Canada
Taiwan loses sovereignty, no longer recognized nation state
Taiwan democracy – own gov, own elections, own laws
What We Know
(II) Hard Power
Active military personnel 1:5:1 (PRC:US)
Land-based weapons – 1:1
Naval ships – 1:2
Defense spending – 1:8
Available military personnel – 5:!
(III) Soft Power
Energy security
Beijing Consensus
(IV) Americas Decline
-Slow down in economic growth
-Reduction in state budgets for education
-American economy s virtually finished
-Decline in American soft power – democracies are too slow
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