Class Notes (921,763)
CA (542,617)
UTSG (45,899)
POL101Y1 (1,189)
Lecture

The Soldier and The State

2 Pages
113 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Political Science December 6
th
, 2010.
Civil Military Relations and Democracy
Reading: Huntington, Civilian Control of the Military - A Theoretical Statement, pp.380-
384
Hastings, The Runaway General
Dunlap Jr., The Origins of the American Coup of 2012, pp.2-20
Problem of the Guardians
Democracies still live in a world of states
From feudal to mass armies
Draft versus professional armies
Those who fail to feel the armies – you risk losing your state
Even if you have an army, what kind of army? – Transition from feudal armies
(aristocratic armies ie. In Europe and Japan). Story of mass citizen armies >
question is should you have professional or draft army? Historically, those mass
armies evolve into drafts
Who guards the guards?
What is the mode of control of civilians over the military?
Huntington subjective versus objective
Coup of 2012: was the problem lack of subjective versus objective control?
Recent debate: don’t ask, don’t tell
Militias in US – decentralized people who were armed who were supposed to
protect the freedom of the people; idea was that US would have armed citizenry
army
Huntington -> first model = subjective – based on the way people think; all in all
its their commitment that controls them – their commitment to democracy > want
a solider that is dedicated to democracy (if in democratic state).
In modern world first model was of citizen solider; still used today ->
Switzerland, neutral but armed
Huntington’s second model = objective – rather than citizenry that’s also soldiers,
you have a clear separation of life and career paths. You have professional
soldiers; commitment is to obey what citizens tell it to do; train to follow orders
of civilians; live ‘cloistered’ a.k.a own lives in bases; have own schools, malls,
professionalized the same way that law or medicine fields are professionalized.
Obey & fights. Idea is to kill people; when you get in trouble is when you get
army to try and do civilian tasks
Article about McChrystal. Was problem subjective versus objective control?
Under objectives model president decides what president will do
Military in Poor Democracies
Corrupt states – so many demands that they cannot be met (the state, parliament
don’t have enough resources to meet demands). State institutions weak and
corrupt = thus, Huntington said in poor countries you get huge amounts of raw
central power that states cannot handle – results in terrorists, street protests; under
these conditions, you would get a coup d’etat
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Political Science December 6 , 2010. Civil Military Relations and Democracy Reading: Huntington, Civilian Control of the Military - A Theoretical Statement, pp.380- 384 Hastings, The Runaway General Dunlap Jr., The Origins of the American Coup of 2012, pp.2-20 Problem of the Guardians Democracies still live in a world of states From feudal to mass armies Draft versus professional armies Those who fail to feel the armies you risk losing your state Even if you have an army, what kind of army? Transition from feudal armies (aristocratic armies ie. In Europe and Japan). Story of mass citizen armies > question is should you have professional or draft army? Historically, those mass armies evolve into drafts Who guards the guards? What is the mode of control of civilians over the military? Huntington subjective versus objective Coup of 2012: was the problem lack of subjective versus objective control? Recent debate: dont ask, dont tell Militias in US decentralized people who were armed who were supposed to protect the freedom of the people; idea was that US would have armed citizenry army Huntington -> first model = subjective based on the way people think; all in all its their commitment that controls them t
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit