POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Four Modernizations, Deng Xiaoping, Hundred Flowers Campaign

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16 Feb 2011
School
Course
Nov 1 – Democracy with Chinese characteristics
China in the modern era
-End of the Qing Dynasty
oQing Dynasty essentially closed China from the rest of the world; economically
backwards
-Republi can revolution
oEnd of the Qing Dynasty sparked a nationalist revolution
oTo make matters worse, the Qing Dynasty was a Manchur ian dynasty (seen as barbarians)
-Sun Yat-Sen – Three Principles of the People”
oElected as president in 1912
oThe beginning of the 20
th
centur y seemed like a rebirth of China
oNat i on – unification
oDemocracy – end feudalism and end dynastic regimes, the Chinese people would rule
themselves
oWelfaremodern China would serve the welfare and livelihood of its people after being
ruled so long by foreigners
Non-democratic modern China
-Not a democracy in terms of polyarchy
-Not a political system where political uncertainty exists
-Freedoms are extremely cur tailed (i.e. censorship)
-The fact that China is not a democracy turns the theory on its head
A democratic revolution?
High tide of Maoist socialism (1949-1956)
-Mao closed off foreign markets and believed that China should be self-sufficient due to bitter
prior experiences
-Mao believed that he could raise agricultural production by 185% in years
oSince people were forced into cooperatives and had to work harder, production naturally
rose, Mao grew confident that the people would believe in him
100 Flowers Movement (1956)
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Document Summary

End of the qing dynasty: qing dynasty essentially closed china from the rest of the world; economically backwards. Republican revolution: end of the qing dynasty sparked a nationalist revolution, to make matters worse, the qing dynasty was a manchurian dynasty (seen as barbarians) Not a democracy in terms of polyarchy. Not a political system where political uncertainty exists. The fact that china is not a democracy turns the theory on its head". Mao closed off foreign markets and believed that china should be self-sufficient due to bitter prior experiences. Mao believed that he could raise agricultural production by 185% in years: since people were forced into cooperatives and had to work harder, production naturally rose, mao grew confident that the people would believe in him. Mao was bombarded with criticism he did not anticipate. He believed that these criticisms were not only aimed at him but also at socialism.

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