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POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Four Modernizations, Deng Xiaoping, Hundred Flowers Campaign

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Nov 1 – Democracy with Chinese characteristics
China in the modern era
-End of the Qing Dynasty
oQing Dynasty essentially closed China from the rest of the world; economically
-Republi can revolution
oEnd of the Qing Dynasty sparked a nationalist revolution
oTo make matters worse, the Qing Dynasty was a Manchur ian dynasty (seen as barbarians)
-Sun Yat-Sen – Three Principles of the People”
oElected as president in 1912
oThe beginning of the 20
centur y seemed like a rebirth of China
oNat i on – unification
oDemocracy – end feudalism and end dynastic regimes, the Chinese people would rule
oWelfaremodern China would serve the welfare and livelihood of its people after being
ruled so long by foreigners
Non-democratic modern China
-Not a democracy in terms of polyarchy
-Not a political system where political uncertainty exists
-Freedoms are extremely cur tailed (i.e. censorship)
-The fact that China is not a democracy turns the theory on its head
A democratic revolution?
High tide of Maoist socialism (1949-1956)
-Mao closed off foreign markets and believed that China should be self-sufficient due to bitter
prior experiences
-Mao believed that he could raise agricultural production by 185% in years
oSince people were forced into cooperatives and had to work harder, production naturally
rose, Mao grew confident that the people would believe in him
100 Flowers Movement (1956)
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