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16 Feb 2011
School
Course
September 27 – Industrial Revolution
Luxuries came to be seen as necessities and necessities came to be seen as decencies
Rise of the middle classes*
Social Results
1. Began as a society of scarcity to a society of surplus
2. Increasing complexity of division of labour
i.e. spiritual/religious healers are no longer the nor m as they were before
3. new forms of social consciousness
we live in a society of achievement, not based on status
Karl Marx
Marx was a great admirer/critic of Hegel
Material basis of all reality is the basic unit of analysis
Why do we need religion?
Injustice; you must go to the material causes
What makes us human is that we create the substance we depend on; we ensure our survival by constantly
changing the environment around us
Hegel: consciousness creates society
Marx disagrees: conscious does not create being, being creates consciousness
Materialist conception of history; agrees with Hegel that histor y is a beginning, middle and an end
Disagrees with rise of ideas as the driving factor, material interest is the key factor
Materialist conception of history
Humans make their own means of sur vival
Work is natural, humans are creative
Histor y is the histor y of class struggle and the for ms of domination: histor y is struggle but it
is a material struggle
Culture, ideas, art, law, morality, religion... all determined by mode of production:
superstructure”
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Document Summary

Luxuries came to be seen as necessities and necessities came to be seen as decencies. Social results: began as a society of scarcity to a society of surplus. Increasing complexity of division of labour i. e. spiritual/religious healers are no longer the norm as they were before: new forms of social consciousness, we live in a society of achievement, not based on status. Material basis of all reality is the basic unit of analysis. Injustice; you must go to the material causes. What makes us human is that we create the substance we depend on; we ensure our survival by constantly changing the environment around us. Hegel: consciousness creates society: marx disagrees: conscious does not create being, being creates consciousness . Materialist conception of history; agrees with hegel that history is a beginning, middle and an end. Disagrees with rise of ideas as the driving factor, material interest is the key factor.

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