LECTURE #15 The Rise and Demise of Fascism jan 22, 08
Liberalism and communism are bot ideologies of equality
Liberalism is belief of formal equality, law , ppl
Communism argue that these are formal equality but true equality can be only obtained by changing
entire economic and political order
Liberalism (old testament) communism (new testament)
Fascism was in essence a response to both, a refutation of both.
Rejected very premises of equality whether formal or informal
Society should not be based on equality, but hierarchy to produce pathologies.
SLIDE 1: The politics of backwardness
Competing on the periphery: state and society
Germany and japan: industrialization with a ¯purpose°
Successful economic modernization, partial social modernization, incomplete political modernization
Ideologies: cultural despair, rather than adapt to global order, change it
Germany and japan were not rich at first, with resources and technology they built great military
They were both forced to industrialize with the challenge of powerful nations, competing with each
other, such as Britain and the US
Steel, iron, heavy industry to create a great military, it slowly happened in the case of Britain and US.
The accumulation of capital which happened slowly through capital market. In the countries, like
germany and japan where they had to develop quickly, they could not wait around on stock markets,
what these countries did was huge accumulation of investment in banks. They played a different role
than Britain and US.
the function of cartels, is bad b/c reduce competition in continental but lower risks, ensure ppl that
they know that they won¬t get bankrupt.
Junkers: traditional nobility of Germany
Making a different pattern that occurred in Britain and US
Different dominant class coalition entering the modern world.
Urban middle class and rising agrarian entrepreneurs in anglo-american model