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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 Feb 5 08 Colonialism and Imperialism

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Lecture #17 Colonialism and Imperialism Feb 5, 08
- The irony of fascism is that it produced the unexpected outcomes after WW2 where, there is liberal
democracy designed to prevent Nazism from happening again.
- Industrialization in Europe made the most powerful continent in the world.
- Europeans conquered 85% of the world.
- The process of conquering and the result of conquering: Colonialism and Imperialism
SLIDE #1: Definitions
- Colonialism is a practice of domination of one people over another. Involves transfer of people to
new territory, where new arrivals become permanent settlers while maintaining allegiance to country
of origin.
- Imperialism (from Latin:
imperium
) meaning to command. Draw out attention to the way one country
exercises power over another.
SLIDE #2: Outline
What did the West think it was doing?
- Spanish and Age of Discovery: Columbus
- Conquest of the Americas: brutal and rapid, small number of conquerors conquered the whole
country.
- A religious discourse: civilizing mission to native peoples
People tend to establish vast rationale, Christian doctrines of natural laws (all humans have access to
reason), build well-ordered society, bring Christianity to save their souls.
- Debates: justification was ¯natural law°
- Habits of Native Americans ¯justified° their enslavement: primitive ways
SLIDE #3: Liberalism and Empire
- The age of high imperialism doesn¬t come until the mid-19th century, when European countries
conquer land.
- European powers were spread throughout the world.
- Grand paradox is that the height of liberalism at the end of 19th century was also a peak of
imperialism. Many of the great defenders of liberalism were also defenders of empire.
- justified on commercials ground
- Roles of stage theory: Paradox of Marx, ¯brings misery and modernization°.
Marx saw this as a form of economic exploitation. The impact of the modern west was to drive in to
the capitalism, by forcing the population and country.
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Lecture #17 Colonialism and Imperialism Feb 5, 08 - The irony of fascism is that it produced the unexpected outcomes after WW2 where, there is liberal democracy designed to prevent Nazism from happening again. - Industrialization in Europe made the most powerful continent in the world. - Europeans conquered 85% of the world. - The process of conquering and the result of conquering: Colonialism and Imperialism SLIDE #1: Definitions - Colonialism is a practice of domination of one people over another. Involves transfer of people to new territory, where new arrivals become permanent settlers while maintaining allegiance to country of origin. - Imperialism (from Latin: imperium) meaning to command. Draw out attention to the way one country exercises power over another. SLIDE #2: Outline What did the West think it was doing? - Spanish and Age of Discovery: Columbus - Conquest of the Americas: brutal and rapid, small number of conquerors conquered the whole country. - A religious discourse: civilizing mission to native p
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