Lecture 17 Feb 5 08 Colonialism and Imperialism

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Lecture #17 Colonialism and Imperialism Feb 5, 08
- The irony of fascism is that it produced the unexpected outcomes after WW2 where, there is liberal
democracy designed to prevent Nazism from happening again.
- Industrialization in Europe made the most powerful continent in the world.
- Europeans conquered 85% of the world.
- The process of conquering and the result of conquering: Colonialism and Imperialism
SLIDE #1: Definitions
- Colonialism is a practice of domination of one people over another. Involves transfer of people to
new territory, where new arrivals become permanent settlers while maintaining allegiance to country
of origin.
- Imperialism (from Latin:
imperium
) meaning to command. Draw out attention to the way one country
exercises power over another.
SLIDE #2: Outline
What did the West think it was doing?
- Spanish and Age of Discovery: Columbus
- Conquest of the Americas: brutal and rapid, small number of conquerors conquered the whole
country.
- A religious discourse: civilizing mission to native peoples
People tend to establish vast rationale, Christian doctrines of natural laws (all humans have access to
reason), build well-ordered society, bring Christianity to save their souls.
- Debates: justification was ¯natural law°
- Habits of Native Americans ¯justified° their enslavement: primitive ways
SLIDE #3: Liberalism and Empire
- The age of high imperialism doesn¬t come until the mid-19th century, when European countries
conquer land.
- European powers were spread throughout the world.
- Grand paradox is that the height of liberalism at the end of 19th century was also a peak of
imperialism. Many of the great defenders of liberalism were also defenders of empire.
- justified on commercials ground
- Roles of stage theory: Paradox of Marx, ¯brings misery and modernization°.
Marx saw this as a form of economic exploitation. The impact of the modern west was to drive in to
the capitalism, by forcing the population and country.
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Document Summary

Lecture #17 colonialism and imperialism feb 5, 08. The irony of fascism is that it produced the unexpected outcomes after ww2 where, there is liberal democracy designed to prevent nazism from happening again. Industrialization in europe made the most powerful continent in the world. The process of conquering and the result of conquering: colonialism and imperialism. Colonialism is a practice of domination of one people over another. Involves transfer of people to new territory, where new arrivals become permanent settlers while maintaining allegiance to country of origin. Imperialism (from latin: imperium) meaning to command. Draw out attention to the way one country exercises power over another. Conquest of the americas: brutal and rapid, small number of conquerors conquered the whole country. A religious discourse: civilizing mission to native peoples. People tend to establish vast rationale, christian doctrines of natural laws (all humans have access to reason), build well-ordered society, bring christianity to save their souls.

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