Lecture #17 Colonialism and Imperialism Feb 5, 08
- The irony of fascism is that it produced the unexpected outcomes after WW2 where, there is liberal
democracy designed to prevent Nazism from happening again.
- Industrialization in Europe made the most powerful continent in the world.
- Europeans conquered 85% of the world.
- The process of conquering and the result of conquering: Colonialism and Imperialism
SLIDE #1: Definitions
- Colonialism is a practice of domination of one people over another. Involves transfer of people to
new territory, where new arrivals become permanent settlers while maintaining allegiance to country
- Imperialism (from Latin:
) meaning to command. Draw out attention to the way one country
exercises power over another.
SLIDE #2: Outline
What did the West think it was doing?
- Spanish and Age of Discovery: Columbus
- Conquest of the Americas: brutal and rapid, small number of conquerors conquered the whole
- A religious discourse: civilizing mission to native peoples
People tend to establish vast rationale, Christian doctrines of natural laws (all humans have access to
reason), build well-ordered society, bring Christianity to save their souls.
- Debates: justification was ¯natural law°
- Habits of Native Americans ¯justified° their enslavement: primitive ways
SLIDE #3: Liberalism and Empire
- The age of high imperialism doesn¬t come until the mid-19th century, when European countries
- European powers were spread throughout the world.
- Grand paradox is that the height of liberalism at the end of 19th century was also a peak of
imperialism. Many of the great defenders of liberalism were also defenders of empire.
- justified on commercials ground
- Roles of stage theory: Paradox of Marx, ¯brings misery and modernization°.
Marx saw this as a form of economic exploitation. The impact of the modern west was to drive in to
the capitalism, by forcing the population and country.