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Lecture 20

Lecture 20 Mar 4 08 Democracy Poverty Development

Political Science
Course Code
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Lecture #20 mar 4, 08
SLIDE #1: Democracy, Poverty, Development
- India as the case that defies all predictions
- No revolution
- British colonial heritage?
- Multicultural
- Social democracy (kerala)
- From state-led to market-led development
- India vs. China
- India defies all predictions, it had been a democracy since the end of colonialism
- however it is not a perfect democracy, has free and fair election
- it never had a revolution
- british colonial heritage, a unique set of institutions: parliamentary democracy, common law (political
evolution) radical changes are gradual, it inclines moderation
- hard for poor country to be democratic, ethnic group, religious differences: difficulty redistribution of
- constitution to political diversity
- social democracy, sustain public health care (kerala)
- Kerala was ruled by the communist party
- India used to be in the great game of geopolitical
- state-owned economy, global trading order
- both countries (India and China) are experiencing huge inequalities, the rich get richer and the poor
stay poor
- state driven model towards the global economy
SLIDE #2: Politics and Groups
- Natural or social constructions?
- Primordialism: based on family metaphor
- But not realistic for anything but a very small group
- There has always been groups, primary units, family
- identity based on kin group can be a small cluster of ppl
- all groups are based on stories of common descent
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